Introduction To Beginner Crochet
The word Crochet is derived from croc or croche, which means hook
in Middle French.
While the origins of crochet are often up for debate, most point to the Victorian era as the first significant documentation of crochet patterns. Bright bold colors were replaced by the white, off white and soft pastels found during the Edwardian era. Over time, crochet has continued to gain popularity and push the envelope from a simple craft to a serious fiber art form.
Thanks to technology, it is now easier than ever to learn crochet. There are a wide variety of resources available to learn crochet as opposed to in the past where many only learned if there was a family member able to teach the next generation. From online classes, to websites, to videos, there are plenty of resources available so you use the resources that help you learn best.
Crochet is a craft anyone can learn and you don’t have to spend lots of money to get started. You simply need:
Yarn needle with a blunt edge and large eye
It is also helpful to have crochet stitch markets, and safety pins. However, they are not required when first starting out.
Hooks (can be) very inexpensive and should be purchased in a multitude of sizes. Unfortunately, there is no standard of hook sizes, so it is important when reviewing patterns to look at the metric measurement. This will allow you to get as close as possible to the required hook size.
Reading Yarn Labels
There is a lot of information on a yarn label that should be reviewed prior to purchase. Some of the most important items on a yarn label include:
Recommended hook size for that specific type of yarn
Dye lot (always purchase enough yarn for your project at once from the same dye lot, to avoid a color variance)
Basic Crochet Stitches
Once you are comfortable with the basic crochet stitches, the possibilities are endless! The stitches below are some of the most common and are a great place to start your crochet fun!
The Slip Knot and the Foundation Chain (Ch):
To get started, you need to make a slip knot around your hook. This knot becomes part of your foundation chain, so it is important to not pull it too tight. Every pattern begins with a foundation chain, usually noted as “ch five;” meaning, make a foundation chain of five stitches. To complete the chain, simply yo (yarn over) the hook and pull through the slip knot. This makes one stitch. Repeat the process based on how many stitches are needed on the chain.
Single Crochet (sc):
Insert the hook in the second chain from the hook and draw up a loop. There will now be two loops on the hook. YO (yarn over) and pull the yarn through both loops on the hook. This completes the first single crochet. Repeat this process as many times as necessary to complete the row. To begin the next row, chain one and turn your piece. Single crochet in the next sc, and repeat across row.
Slip Stitch (sl st):
The slip stitch allows you to move across a row without adding bulk or height to your project. To complete the sl st, insert the hook into the desired stitch, draw up a loop and pull the loop through the two loops on the hook.